The main objective of GIOCONDA is to provide European Local Authorities with an innovative methodology that effectively supports policies on Environment and Health involving young people .
The idea was presented to different Italian institutions (Ministry of Education, National Association of Municipalities, Environmental Associations, NGOs, schools), which gave their convinced support.
The main novelty carried by GIOCONDA is the involvement of the youth as a protagonist of a real and continuative action of participative democracy . Involving young people in decisions regarding environment and health is relevant for three main reasons: young people are the most vulnerable subjects of environmental pressure, they are key-actors for future actions to improve the quality of environment, their perception of environmental risk is an important indicator of perception, attitudes, worries, and wishes of the entire community. Risk perception of young, measured by willingness-to-pay (WTP), represents the basis for a cost/benefit evaluation. GIOCONDA will support policy makers with a tool to perform the cost/benefit evaluation of environmental health interventions.
The proposal has its roots in Parma Declaration on Environment and Health (WHO 2010), with specific commitment to protect children health.
Gioconda will be carried out combining two monitoring systems: one based on the environmental data collection on air and noise pollution in GIOCONDA’s sites, the other based on the risk perception of teenagers and their willingness-to-pay (WTP) in relation to the local issues of environmental health.
Starting from a network of Municipalities and other Local Authorities in four partner locations in Italy (Napoli, Taranto, Ravenna and Valdarno), GIOCONDA will develop and test a Platform to address environment and health risk governance and policies , which can be extended to the European level. It will comprehend a tool that allows decision makers to estimate costs and benefits of policies targeting young individuals’ health, and a tool that will provide schools with the opportunity to measure the perception of students about neighbourhood environment.
Once GIOCONDA’s tools will be regularly adopted by a core of local Authorities and a variety of key professionals at the local level, it will contribute to realize an institutionalized participation of the youth in decision-making on environmental issues.